Discovery on Diabetes from CU Medicine-University of Sydney Collaboration
A biomarker has been discovered to identify diabetics of high risk of cardiovascular disease.
A large cohort study carried out by the Faculty of Medicine at The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CU Medicine) in collaboration with the NHMRC Clinical Trials Centre at The University of Sydney reveals that shortened DNA telomere length is a useful biomarker for cardiovascular disease among type 2 diabetes patients.
Telomeres are the tail-ends of DNA strands that contain a repeat code sequence that shortens with each cell division. When these repeat sequences are lost, telomere length is shortened, indicating cellular aging.
The Connection between Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease
Patients with type 2 diabetes have two-to-four-times higher risk of cardiovascular disease than those without diabetes. In the study, the Endocrinology and Diabetes team at CU Medicine studied the data of over 5,300 patients with type 2 diabetes during a 13-year follow-up period. They learned that 15% of type 2 diabetes patients had a prior history of cardiovascular disease during assessment, while another 15% developed cardiovascular disease after an average of 6.7 years of follow-up.
Patients with cardiovascular disease at the beginning of the study or during follow-up were found to have shorter tail-ends of DNA strands, expressed as relative Leukocyte Telomere Length (rLTL), than those who never had cardiovascular disease. For each unit relative decrease in rLTL, the risk of cardiovascular disease increased by 25%. These results were published in the leading diabetes journal, Diabetes Care.
Professor Juliana Chan (front left) and Professor Ronald Ma (front right) lead the team at CUHK for diabetes research.
Professor Ronald Ching Wan Ma, Head, Division of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics at CU Medicine, and Principal Investigator of the study said, ‘Our study demonstrated shortened rLTL was not only associated with a past history of cardiovascular disease, but also independently predicted the future risk of developing cardiovascular disease.’
Professor Juliana Chung Ngor Chan, Chair Professor of Medicine and Therapeutics and Founding Director of the Hong Kong Institute of Diabetes and Obesity at CUHK, added, ‘We are currently conducting further studies to validate the use of rLTL as a biomarker to predict other diabetes complications, such as kidney disease, which are the leading causes of hospitalisations, disabilities and premature death worldwide.’
A Productive Partnership
CUHK works with institutions from around the world to advance the frontiers of knowledge. Research collaborations have been conducted in various areas with The University of Sydney, including cardiology, diabetes, digital media, law, and planetary health and urbanisation in China. The two universities also run a joint laboratory, the Analytic and Clinical Cooperative Laboratory for Integrative Medicine (ACCLAIM), to investigate new technologies and practices for developing treatments that combine western and Chinese medicine. Furthermore, there is a joint fund to support collaborative initiatives that strengthen the two universities’ strategic priorities.